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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Saccharum

Saccharum bengalense Retz., Obs. Bot. 5:16. 1789. Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:77. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 211. 1960; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 70: 516, 1970.

Vern.: Kana, Sarkanda.

  • Erianthus ciliaris (Anderss.) Jeswiet
  • Erianthus munja (Roxb.) Jeswiet
  • Erianthus sara (Roxb.) Rumke
  • Ripidium bengalense (Retz.) Grassl
  • Saccharum arundinaceum of Hook. f.
  • Saccharum ciliare Anderss.
  • Saccharum munja Roxb.
  • Saccharum sara Roxb.

    Tall caespitose perennial; culms up to 4 m high. Leaf-blades up to 90 cm long, 3-10 mm wide, flat or markedly channelled, the midrib occupying the greater part of the width, glaucous. Panicle 20-75 cm long, the peduncle glabrous; racemes 2-4(-5) cm long, considerably shorter than the supporting branches, the internodes and pedicels hirsute with hairs up to 7 mm long. Spikelets slightly heteromorphous, 3.8-5.5 mm long, the callus bearded with whitish or greyish hairs up to 2.5 mm long; glumes equal, membranous, lower glume of sessile spikelet hairy on the back, the upper glume glabrous, both glumes of pedicelled spikelet hairy, the hairs at least 4 mm long, often up to 9 mm; lower lemma oblong-elliptic, hairy on the back; upper lemma ovate-lanceolate, ciliate on the margins, acute or very shortly awned, the awn not visible beyond the glumes.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: October-January.

    Type: India, Koenig (? LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Punjab & N.W.F.P.); North and Northwest India; ? Afghanistan.

    This is a very large tufted grass which is of little account as a fodder plant since cattle and buffaloes will only eat the tender young leaves. A valuable fibre can be extracted from the upper leaf-sheaths of the flowering culm.


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