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Pakistan | Family List | Rhamnaceae | Rhamnus

1. Rhamnus triquetra (Wall.) Brandis, For. Fl. 92. 1874. Lawson in Hook. f., l.c. 639; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 2.88. 1921; Bamber, Pl. Punj. 78. 1916; Collett l.c.; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vas. Pl. Pak. Kash. 678. 1972.

Vern.: Girgithan, Gount, Gudlei.


  • Ceanothus triquetrus Wall.

    Medium sized unarmed tree, young branches tomentose, greyish older branches ash grey. Leaves alternate, 7-15 cm x 2-8 cm, ovate, oblong or elliptic, crenate-serrate with deciduous tips, acute-acuminate, mostly rounded at the base, sub-coriaceous to coriaceous, grey velvety tomentose beneath, glabrous above, some times older leaves pubescent on the nerves only, penninerved, 7-8 pairs of lateral nerves, petiole 8-20 mm long velvety tomentose, grooved in the middle, stipules minute, deciduous. Inflorescence an axillary raceme, generally bearing few small leaves, 2-8 cm long. Flower 2-3 mm in diameter, subsessile. pedicel c. 1-3 mm long, calyx 5 lobed, pubescent, c. 2 mm long, triangular acute, hypanthium as long as the lobes. Petals broadly obovate, emarginate, clawed, c. 1.5 mm long. Anthers dorsifixed, less than 1 mm, dehiscing longitudinally. Disc, glabrous, style short stigma slightly lobed. Fruit 4-5 mm long, obovoid, 3 lobed, 3 seeded. Seed with a broad groove.

    F!. Per.: July-August.

    Type: Wall. Cat. 4265 (K.).

    Distribution: Pakistan, Western Himalayas from Jhelum to Kumaon, Kashmir.


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