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Pakistan | Family List | Apocynaceae | Carissa

2. Carissa opaca Stapf ex Haines in Ind. Forester. 47.378. 1921. Parker, l.c. 330; R. R. Stewart, l.c.

Vern.: Garanda, Garinda, Grirna, Garna and Karaunda.


  • Carissa spinarum auct. non Linn.

    Shrub, up to 3.5 meter, evergreen, branches glabrous, or puberulous, spines arising between the petiole, straight or bifurcate, sharp, hard, 2.5-3.5 cm long, young shoots with milky juice. Leaves glabrous, opposite, elliptic, ovate or rounded, c.1.25x.7-2 cm, acute-mucronate, apiculate, rarely obtuse, coriaceous; shining green above, paler, puberulous on nerves beneath; petiole c. 2.5 mm long. Flowers white or light rose, sweet scented, c. 2 cm across. Peduncle c. 1.25 cm long, sometimes bifurcate, usually 3 flowered; pedicel c. 2.5 mm long; bracts small, subulate, c. 1 mm long. Calyx c. 2 mm long, lobes lanceolate, acuminate, puberulous or ciliate, reaching almost to the base of the calyx tube. Corolla tube slender, 8-12 mm long, lanceolate, acute overlapping to the right, in bud, spreading. Stamens inserted at the top of corolla tube. Ovary one ovuled; stigma slightly bifid. Berry somewhat ellipsoid or subglobose, 6-8 mm long, dark purple when ripe, with milky juice, edible.

    Fl. Per.: April-June.

    Distribution: Drier parts of India and Pakistan (from Punjab-Himalayas upto 6000 ft, in Murree), Burma and Sri Lanka.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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