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Pakistan | Family List | Violaceae | Viola

9. Viola reichenbachiana Jord. ex Bor., Fl. Centr. France, ed. 3, 2:78. 1857. Clap. Tut. & Warb., Fl. Brit. Isles: 2nd. ed. 192. 1962. Coode & Cull. in Davis, Fl. Turk. 1:527. 1965.


  • Viola arenicola Chabert
  • Viola formosa Vukot.
  • Viola sylvestris Lam.

    Perennial herb, 4.0-15.0 cm high, in fruiting upto 30 cm high. Stem procumbent at base. Leaves ovate, cordate, crenate, obtuse, basal leaves large, acauline leaves small. 0.44.5 x 0.3-4.2 cm, covered with reddish brown glands, 4-5-nerved; petiole 2.0-5.0 cm of basal leaves, 0.5-3.0 cm of acauline leaves. Stipules non-foliaceous, 2, opposite, brownish in colour with usually green apex, covered with reddish brown glands, linear-lanceolate, 0.5-2.0 x 0.2-0.4 cm, fimbriate, almost equal the width of stipule blade. Flowers upto 2.0 cm long, violet; pedicel glabrous, c. 4.0-7.0 cm long; bracteoles 2, opposite-subopposite, linear, 2-3 x 0.5-1 mm, acuminate, entire. Sepals attenuate, 5.0-8.0 x 1.5-2.5 mm, lanceolate, entire, acute, glabrous. Petals 5-10.0 x 2.5-3.0 mm, oblanceolate-narrowly obovate, obtuse, cuneate, entire, glabrous, marked with dark striations and spots; lateral petal obovate, slightly bigger than the rest, 12.0-15.0 x mm. Spur straight to slightly curvate, c. 5.0 mm long, obtuse. Ovary glabrous, broadly ovate, 1.0-1.5 x 0.5-1.0 mm, dark brown in colour; style 2.5 mm long, papillose at summit, beaked, beak forwarding upward. Capsule elliptic-lanceolate, 6.0-9.0 mm long, glabrous.

    Fl. Per.: May-August.

    Type: Not designated.

    Distribution: Europe, N.W. Africa, Caucasia and Pakistan.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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