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Pakistan | Family List | Violaceae | Viola

14. Viola kashmiriana W. Becker, Bot. Jahrb. 54 (Beibl. 120) 182. 1917. Stewart, l.c. 492.


  • Viola betonicifolia subsp. jausarensis (W. Becker) Hara
  • Viola patrinii var. suaveolens Watt
  • Viola prionantha subsp. jausarensis W. Becker

    Glabrous-pubescent, 5-15 cm high, perennial herb. Rhizome short, tufted, densely coverd with remnant of petioles and stipules. Root smooth, slender. Stem absent. Leaves 1.5-6.0 x 0.5-4.5 cm, ovate-triangular, cordate or angustate or truncate, acute, multicrenulate, crenae 18 in number, up to 30-35 in summer forms; glabrous-pubescent, pubescence mainly at the veins of lower side, petiole 1.5-8.0 cm long; glabrous-pubescent, winged, stipule 0.5-1.5 x 0.3-0.7 cm, adnate till middle, fimbriate, fimbriae free. Flowers fragrant. Sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, rarely acuminate, subangustate-truncate, margins membranaceous. Petals violaceous, oblong-obovate, lateral slightly longer than rest, barbate; spur thick, 5-7 mm long, straight-subcuneate; ovary glabrous; style subgeniculate at base, clavate, marginate; stigma beaked, beak directed forward. Capsule subglobose, 0.6-1.0 cm long.

    Fl. Per.: June-August.

    Syntypes: Hook. f. et Thorns., Himal. bor. occid., reg. temp., 4-8000 ped.; Lace Fl. Chumba 717 et 829; Conway Exped. Karakoram glaciers 309. 1892; Herb. Bot. Dept. N. Ind. 21163; G. Watt Fl. Chumba State 970. 1878; Gamble Fl. Jaunsar 25412. 1895.

    Distribution: India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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