All Floras      Advanced Search
Page 23 Login | eFloras Home | Help
Pakistan | Family List | Orchidaceae | Dactylorhiza

2. Dactylorhiza umbrosa (Kar. & Kir.) Nevski in Acta. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, Ser. 1, 4:332. 1937. R. R. Stewart, l.c. 68; J.Renz, l.c. 126, pl. 50, 51, 52, 70, 71, 1978.


  • Orchis umbrosa Kar. & Kir.

    Plants ± robust, rarely dwarf, up to 60(-80) cm tall. Stem solid, ± hollow in larger plants, leafy. Leaves sometimes crowded towards the base, unspoted, erect-spreading. Inflorescence densely many-flowered, cylindric, to 15(-22) cm. Bracts lanceolate, inferior exceeding flowers. Flowers rose-purple or flesh-coloured, very rarely white. Sepals 10(-16) x 3-4 mm, laterals spreading or reflexed, dorsal forming a loose hood with slightly shorter petals. Labellum nearly flat, 7-10(-13) mm long, predominately longer than broad, roundish or oblong or reniform-rhomboidal, sometimes tapering towards the apex, entire, subentire or shortly 3-lobed, marked with darker purple dots or loops of broken lines. Spur cylindrical, slightly curved outwards, rarely ± straight. Ovary slightly twisted, glabrous.

    Fl. Per.: June-July (-August.).

    Holotype: USSR: Kazakhstania (Songaria) in salicetis umbrosis insularum fl. Lapsa, June 1840, Karelin & Kirilow (holotype LE!).

    Distribution: From Eastern Anatolia to Afghanistan and Central Asia (Tadjikistan, Uzbekistan, Pamir-Alaj, Tien-Shan, Kasakstan). Mainly a mountain plant, growing from 1000 m up to more than 3000 m in marshy places, near rivers and springs.


    Related Objects  

    Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

  •  |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |