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Pakistan | Family List | Solanaceae | Atropa

Atropa acuminata Royle ex miers in Hook. Kew J. 1:138. 1849. Schoenbeck-Temesy in Rech. F., Fl. Iran. 43. 1972.

English: Deadly nightshade.


  • Atropa belladonna auct. Non L.: Clarke

    Herb up to 1.6 m tall, branched. Stem and branches fistular, young shoots puberulous. Leaves 8-17 x 4.5-8.0 cm, elliptic-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, cuneate. Petiole up to 20 mm long. Calyx 9-15 mm long, up to 20 mm in fruit, ± cupular, puberulous; lobes 6-10 mm long, ovate-acute, unequal, persistent. Corolla 20-23 mm long, yellow; lobes obtuse. Stamens included. Anthers c. 3 mm long, oblong filaments 10-11 mm long. Berry globose, 10 mm broad black when ripe. Seeds subreniform, 2 mm long, reticulate, foveolate, brown.

    Fl. Per.: June-July.

    Type: Mongolia, Munro, Hb. Lindley?.

    Distribution: E. Iran, E. Afghanistan, eastwards to Kashmir, Mongolia.

    The ‘deadly nightshade’ is fairly common in the Himalaya from 1800-3040 m. All parts of the plant contain the alkaloids atropine, hyoscyamine and bellodonnine, which are used as a sedative, antispasmodic, in convulsive disorders and as an antidote for poisoning. The black berries are very poisonous and cause delirium and dilation of the pupils.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (S. Hameed)
  • Illustration

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