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Pakistan | Family List | Acanthaceae | Blepharis

1. Blepharis ciliaris (L.) B.L. Burtt in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 94. 1956. Feinbrun-Dothan in Zohary, Fl. Pal. 3: 218. Pl. 368. 1978.

Vern.: Balba Jawar.


  • Acanthodium spicatum Del.
  • Acanthus edulis Forssk.
  • Blepharis edulis (Forssk.) Pers.
  • Blepharis persica (Burm. f.) O. Ktze.
  • Ruellia ciliaris L.
  • Ruellia persica Burm. f.

    Perennial, greyish-pubescent to glabrescent, up to 30 cm tall, basally branched herb. Leaves with up to 1.2 cm long petiole; lamina coriaceous, oblong to lanceolate, 2-6 x 0.8-2 cm, margins entire to remotely spinulose, puberulous above, apex spine tipped, evanescent. Inflorescence a dense, strobilate spike. Flowers purplish-blue, fading to white, 1.5-2 cm long; bracts 4-rowed, ovate, 3-5 cm long, hairy on both sides, patent, apex long-acuminate with a sharp, 1.5-3.5 cm long spine at tip, margins with 3-5 pairs of lateral spines; bracteoles linear-subulate, 1-1.5 cm long, villose. Calyx scarious, ± membranous, soft hairy, 4-lobed, lobes unequal, upper lobe longest, 2-3-lobed, lateral small. Corolla tube short, c. 5 mm long, upper lip absent, lower lip flat with 3 obtuse lobes, puberulous. Capsule compressed-ovate, 6-7 mm long, glabrous, acu¬minate.

    Fl. Per.: August-October.

    Type: “Habitat in India”.

    Distribution: East Tropical Africa, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, eastwards to Pakistan.

    Common in stony and gravel desert of S.W. Pakistan (Baluchistan province).

    Used as fodder for sheep and camels; seeds are used for the treatment of sore eyes.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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