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Pakistan | Family List | Acanthaceae | Justicia

1. Justicia heterocarpa T. Anders. in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 7: 41. 1864. Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 513; Cooke, Fl. Bomb. Pres. 2:486. 1906; Jafri, Fl. Kar. 316. 1966; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kash. 676. 1972; Bhandari, Fl. Ind. Desert 303, fig. 115. 1977.


  • Justicia heterocarpioides Blatter

    Annual, straggling or erect, 15-30 cm, twigs angular, pubescent to glabrescent with long internodes. Leaves with 0.5-3 cm long, grooved, densely hairy petiole; lamina ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 1-3 x 0.5-1.5 cm, hairy on both sides, margin ciliate, entire, basally attenuate, apex acute. Flowers very small, c. 6-7 mm long, 2-5 in axillary fascicles; bracts minute, ovate-lanceolate or ± falcate, with simple and glandular hairs; bracteoles 1-2, present or absent, similar to but smaller than bracts. Calyx deeply 5-partite, lobes linear-subulate, c. 4 mm long, elongated in fruit to c. 6 mm, scarious margined, densely glandular-hairy and ciliate. Corolla c. 5 mm long, pubescent outside, tube nearly half as long as lobes, upper lip oblong, 2-fid, lower lip with 3 obovate lobes. Stamens included, anther lobes unequal, spirally twisted, lower lobe with a narrow white appendage. Fruit dimorphic, normal unwinged capsule, ellipsoidal, 3-4 mm long, 2-loculed, 4-seeded, ± compressed, pubescent; abnormal capsule longitudinally 6-winged, ovoid, unilocular, 2-seeded, wings unequal, retrorsely cut, hairy. Seeds dimorphic, brown, obliquely cordate, c. 1 mm long, tuberculate and glabrous in normal fruit, obliquely ovoid, c. 1.5 mm long, punctuate in winged capsules.

    Fl. Per.: Aug.-November.

    Type: Kurrachee, Kullankote Lake, Stocks 74 (K).

    Distribution: Western India, Pakistan (Sind) and E. Tropical Africa.

    Closely allied to Justicia leptocarpa Lindau ex Engl. from S. Africa and distinguished by its smaller floral parts and capsules.


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