13. Nepeta connata Boyle ex Beath. in Hook., Bot. Misc. 3: 378. 1833. Bend,. in DC., Prodr. 12: 371. 1848; Hook. f., l.c. 657. 1885; Blatter, Beaut. Flow. Kashmir 2: 115. 1928; Mukerjee, l.c. 121. 1940; Rao in Bull. Bot. Surv. Ind. 2: 411. 1960; Stewart in Pak. J. For. 11: 52. 1961; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 620. 1972; Kaul, Weed Fl. Kashmir valley 234. 1986.
Sturdy erect perennial with a woody rootstock (or tuber?). Stems (17)30-80 cm mostly solitary and unbranched, quadrangular, glabrous, with very short adpressed retrorse hairs or with numerous villous hairs, leafy. Leaves linear to linear-lanceolate, (30-) 80-160 x 3-20 mm, sessile, cordate or not, amplexicaul or connate, entire-margined, acute-acuminate, thick-textured, with a prominent mid-vein, glabrous or pilose. Inflorescence a short or elongated ± continuous spike, 4-12 cm long, showy. Inner bracts linear, membranous, almost as long as calyces. Flowers congested. Pedicels 1-12 mm. Calyx 11-16 mm, thin-textured, slender, with short glandular and long villous eglandular hairs; throat straight; teeth subequal as long as or longer than tube, linear, with long awns, ciliate. Corolla mauve to blue violet, 20-25 mm; tube exserted, somewhat curved, widening to c. 4 mm wide at throat; upper lip hooded; lower lip reflexed, sometimes violet. Nutlets c. 1.5 x 1.3 mm, chestnut-brown, smooth, shining, oblong-orbicular, somewhat flat-trigonous with a small areole.
Fl. Per.: July-September.
Type: Kashmir, Royle (LIV!).
Distribution: Pakistan, Kashmir, NW India.
A handsome and distinct species almost restricted to Kashmir where it is common.