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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Salvia

11. Salvia macrosiphon Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. Ser. 1, 5: 11. 1844. Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 282. 1848; Boiss., Fl. Or. 4: 615. 1879; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 109. 1940; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 631. 1972; Hedge in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 441, t. 479, 480, 586. 1982; Machmedov in Vvedensky, Conspect. Fl. As. Med. 9: 641. 1987.

I.C. Hedge

  • Salvia kotschyi Boiss.
  • Salvia macrosiphon var. brachycalycina Bornm.
  • Salvia macrosiphon var. cabulica Benth.
  • Salvia macrosiphon var. glandulosissima Bornm.
  • Salvia macrosiphon var. kotschyi (Boiss.) Boiss.

    Perennial, herbaceous, strongly aromatic, lemon-scented, pale yellowish green. Stems few to several from a woody rootstock, up to 60 cm, erect, sturdy, quadrangular, below eglandular pilose, above with a dense indumentum of short glandular hairs and sessile oil globules. Leaves distributed over stem, few, elliptic to ovate-oblong, c. 6-14 x 2-8 cm, margin subentire to irregularly serrate or lobed, apex usually acute, occasionally rounded, below with short eglandular hairs and numerous sessile oil globules; petiole on median cauline leaves up to 10 cm. Inflorescence widely branched; verticillasters 2-6-flowered, clearly distant. Bracts broadly ovate, up to 25 x 20 mm but variable in size. Pedicels short, c. 2 mm in flower and fruit, erect-spreading. Calyx distinctly tubular, 14-17 mm in flower elongating and somewhat hardening to c. 20 mm in fruit, but scarcely widening, with a thick indumentum of capitate glandular hairs and sessile oil globules; teeth of upper and lower lips distinct, spinulose. Corolla white, 20-30 mm long; tube clearly exserted from calyx lips, ± straight, not invaginated, esquamulate; upper lip somewhat falcate. Lower thecae sterile dolabriform, adhering. Nutlets broad ovoid, shiny brown with darker venation, c. 2.8 x 2.3 mm.

    Fl. Per.: April-June.

    Type: [Iran, Fars] inter Fasa et Shiraz, Aucher-Eloy 5197 [holo G!].

    Distribution: N. Iraq, Iran, Caucasus, Afghanistan, Pakistan.

    A very abundant and polymorphic plant in Iran and Afghanistan, but less variable in our area. Related to Salvia moocroftiana and where the two species grow together, hybridization may occur: Lace 3402 cited above has some characters of Salvia moocroftiana.

    The field note of Lace 3777 records ‘seeds used for fever and wounds’.


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