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Pakistan | Family List | Rubiaceae | Galium

3. Galium tricornutum Dandy in Watsonia. 4:47. 1957. Ehrend. & Krendl in Tutin et al., l.c. 35; Zohary, Fl. Palest. 3: 215. 1978; Jafri in Jafri & El-Gadi, Fl. Lib. 65: 17. 1979.


  • Galium tricorne Stokes

    Annual, erect to spreading to scrambling herb, usually 20-80 cm long. Stem stout, quadrangular, angles retrorsely and strongly scabrid. Leaves 6-8 in whorl, sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or spathulate, cuspidate, margin and dorsal midrib retrosely aculeolate, margin revolute, 10-50 x 2.5-8 mm. Cymes axillary mostly 3-flowered, rarely 1-flowered, lateral flowers usually functionally male. Peduncle 5-40 mm long, retrorsely aculeate, pedicel 1-10 mm long, incurved after anthesis. Corolla white, glabrous, segments ovate, acute, c. 1 mm long. Fruit globose-ellipsoid 3-5 mm, granulate or minutely tuberculate, mericarps mostly 2.

    A wide spread taxon of plains and lower altitudes. In our region two subspecies can be recognized.

    1 Leaves 1-3 cm long, mostly recurved or revolute. Stem angles and leaves strongly scabrid. Peduncle up to 1.0 cm long   3 Galium tricornutum subsp. tricornutum
    + Leaves 3-5 cm long, flat. Stem angles not strongly scabrid. Peduncle 1.5-4.0 cm long   3 Galium tricornutum subsp. longipedunculatum

    Lower Taxa


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