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Pakistan | Family List | Rubiaceae | Galium

8. Galium spurium L., Sp. Pl. 106. 1753. DC., Prodr. 1.c. 603; Hook. f., l.c. 208; Boiss., l.c. 69; Pobed., l.c. 306; Bamber, l.c. 579; Kitam., l.c. 368; Ehrend. & Krendl in Tutin et al., Fl. Europ. 4: 35. 1975.


  • Galium agreste var. echinospermon Walk.
  • Galium spurium var. echinospermon (Walk.) Hayek
  • Galium vailantii DC.

    Annual, weak herb; stem scabrulous-glabrous, quadrangular. Leaves 4-6 in a whorl, elliptic, lanceolate or oblanceolate, 1-3 (-5) x 0.5-1 cm, obtuse or rarely acute, midrib and margin retrorsely aculeolate, margin ± revolute, petiole ± absent. Inflorescence of axillary and terminal cymes; branches distantly divaricate, 1-7-flowered; peduncle and pedicel mostly straight, the later c. 5 mm long, sometimes sharply bent just under the fruit. Corolla white or greenish yellow, glabrous, c. 1 mm long, lobes ovate, obtuse. Fruit didymous, glabrous or hairy, 2-3 mm long, black when ripe.

    Fl. Per.: June-August.

    Type: “Habitat in Europae cultis”.

    Distribution: Eurasia (Western Asia), Pakistan and Afghanistan.

    A highly polymorphic species, especially in the number of leaves and indumentum of stem, leaves and fruit; usually split into several infraspecific categories, but to recognize such taxa in our area is not meaningful as intermediate forms also occur.


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