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Pakistan | Family List | Gentianaceae | Qaisera

1. Qaisera carinata (D.Don) Omer in Bot. Jahrb. 111. 208. 1989.


Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270

  • Ericala carinata D.Don
  • Eurythalia carinata (D.Don) D.Don
  • Gentiana carinata (D.Don) Griseb.
  • Gentiana marginata auct. non Griseb.: Clarke

    Annual-biennial, up to 13 cm high, branched from base and above, green, glabrous herb. Basal leaves longer than cauline, indistinctly rosulate, 1-4 (-5) x 0.25-0.75 cm, linear-lanceolate, margin cartilaginously hyaline, entire, deflexed, acuminate, sessile, univeined, cauline leaves 0.75-2.0(-2.5) x 025-1.0 cm, indistinctly 3-veined. Inflorescence terminal as well as axillary. Flowers 0.5-2.0 cm long, sessile, campanulate, 1-2(-3) on each peduncle, enveloped by two upper leaves. Calyx 0.5-1.0(4.5) cm long, almost half the length of corolla, tube 0.4-0.8 cm long, lobes 0.25-0.6 x 0.2-0.5 (-0.6) cm, lanceolate-ovate, margin cartilaginous, entire, acuminate, carinate. Corolla 0.5-2.0 cm long, blue, fimbriate, fimbriae filiform, acute-acuminate, at level of anthers, tube much longer than lobes, up to 1.8 cm long, gradually ending into a funnel lobes 0.2-0.5 x 0.1-0.2 cm, lanceolate-ovate, crenate, acute, streaked. Plicae smaller than lobes, serrate, acuminate. Stamens inserted, filament long, adnate at base of corolla lobes, anthers dorsifixed, 2-lobed. Ovary 0.3-0.6 x 0.20-0.25 cm, ovate, stipitate, style long, slender, stigma bifid, coiled. Capsule obovoid, stipitate, exserted from corolla, many seeded. Seeds small, brown, ovoid, reticulate.

    Type: Himalaya, Royle (LIV!).

    B-8 Kashmir: Ladakh, Rungdum, 1.5 km W. of Zuildo, 4000 m, 1980, Southampton University 112 (K), Zuildu, Suru, 13000 ft., 28.6.1928, Osmaston 188 (K), Alibad, 11000 ft., Clarke 28981 A (K), Sheshnag and Mahagansu, 13-14000 ft., Drummond 14246 (K), Pir Panjal, 11000 ft., Clarke 28734 (K), Kamri Kotul, 13000 ft., Giles 132 (K), Muzafferabad Distr.: Bala Sethu, ± 9500 ft., 17.10.1966, Jan Mohammad 23 (RAW), BalaKoh, Naobag, Near Kashmir valley, Herb. Falconer p.p. (K), Himalaya boreo occidenatlis, 8-10000 ped., 3 & 4, 6. 1848, Thomson s.n. p.p. (K), S. End of Khillanmarg, 10000 ft., Venning K 133a (K), Kashmir and western Tibet, Balti or little Tibet, Winterbottem 189 (CAL), Baltistan, Marpu nullah, 13-14000 ft., 4.7.1892, Duthie 11817 (CAL).

    Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, India and Nepal (?).

    A Sino Japanese element.

    For detailed discussion on type specimen, see discussion under Gentianodes argentea (Royle ex D.Don) Omer et al. and Gentianodes eu-marginata Omer et al. var. eu-mawginata.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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