HARALD RIEDL and YASIN J. NASIR
Adonis persica Boiss.
Naturhistorisches Museum, Botanische Abteilung, Wien, Austria.
National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Annual, 10-40 cm high. Stems glabrous, sulcate, simple or branched. Leaves finely dissected into narrowly linear lobes, ovate in outline, the lowermost shortly stalked, the others sessile. Flowers 10-16 mm wide in diameter, yellow (rarely orange or red) with or without a blackish centre. Sepals pellucid, 3-4 mm long, ovate-lanceolate to ovate. Petals upto twice as long as sepals, obovate to obovate-elliptic, usually tapering towards base. Fruits arranged in a cylindrical to oblong spike, about 3 (-4) mm long, densely rugose, with a transverse, tubercular dentate crest and a tooth-l ike projection attached to the beak of the fruit nearly to its top. Beak always erect. Other characters as in Adonis aestivalis.
Fl. Per.: April-May.
Type: Southern Iran between Abushir and Shiraz, Kotschy 57.
B-7 Swat: Mingora-Barikot, 3000', R.R. Stewart 27462 (RAW), Bahrein, 4500', Shaukat Ali 26145 (RAW), C-7 Islamabad & Rawalpindi: Rawalpindi, fls. yellow with dark centre, R.R. & I.D. Stewart s.n. (RAW), Attock, Wah, R.R. Stewart 9532 (KUH), Baluchistan: D-4 Sor Range, Quetta, 7.5.1967, M.G. Kanieczny s.n. (KUH), Ziarat-Quetta, Sultanul Abedin 4772 (KUH), Saryab-Quetta, Sultanul Abedin 4547 (KUH), Ziarat, Sultanul Abedin 3279 (KUH): Urak, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 3257 (KUH). F-4 Baghbana-Khuzdar, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Husain 7138 (KUH), S. Makran: G-2 Panjgur, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Husain 6696, 6700 (KUH), Surab, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Husain 7098 (KUH).
Distribution: Syria to Pakistan.
Found as an escape from cultivation.