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BFNA | Family List | BFNA Vol. 2 | Orthotrichaceae

Schlotheimia Bridel, Musc. Recent. Suppl. 2: 16. 1812.
[For Ernst Friedrich von Schlotheim (1764--1832), a paleontologist held in high regard by Bridel]

Dale H. Vitt

Plants medium-sized, in dense, tomentose, usually reddish-brown mats on trees. Stems creeping, with numerous, ascending, stout, usually forked branches up to 2 cm high. Branch leaves appressed to loosely-appressed, erect, often spirally-twisted around stem when dry, narrowly lanceolate to oblong-ligulate, usually acute, apiculate or long-cuspidate, sometimes rugose; margins entire; costa strong, excurrent or ending at apex; distal laminal cells small, rarely greater than 10 ┬Ám, rounded, thick-walled, usually smooth; basal laminal cells elongate, porose. Sexual condition pseudautoicous, dwarf male plants on leaves of female plant. Seta smooth. Capsule fully exserted, rarely immersed; elliptic to cylindric, erect, usually smooth or lightly plicate; stomates superficial; peristome double; endostome segments 16, shorter than exostome, pale sometimes rudimentary; exostome teeth 16, well-developed, linear-lanceolate, often blunt, erect or recurved, thick densely papillose-striate. Calyptra mitrate, long-conic to campanulate, 4--6 lobed at base, naked or hairy, usually covering entire capsule. Spores anisosmorphic.

Species 100--150 (2 in the flora); pantropical; Mexico, Central America, South America, Africa, Australia, Pacific Islands (New Zealand).

The distinctive dark-reddish coloration, habit in tree canopies and on tree trunks, and 4--6 lobed, campanulate calyptra are diagnostic features of this genus.


1 Leaves gradually acute or acuminate, not rugose; calyptrae smooth.   Schlotheimia lancifolia
+ Leaves abruptly apiculate, rugose; calyptra papillose near apex.   Schlotheimia rugifolia

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


 

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Flora of North America  
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