All Floras      Advanced Search
BFNA Vol. 1 Login | eFloras Home | Help
BFNA | Family List | BFNA Vol. 1 | Sphagnaceae | Sphagnum

Sphagnum balticum (Russow) C. E. O. Jensen, Fests. Bot. For. Kjob. 100, 116. 1890.

Authors: Richard E. Andrus

  • Sphagnum recurvum ssp. balticum Russow

    Plants small to moderate-sized, soft and ± weak-stemmed; brownish green, yellow-green, yellowish to golden-brown, capitulum typically flat and 5-radiate. Stems pale green to brown, branch bases sometimes reddish; superficial cortex of 2--3 layers of moderately thin-walled and differentiated cells. Stem leaves 0.8--1.1 mm, triangular-lingulate to lingulate, concave, spreading, apex broadly obtuse, hyaline cells fibrillose in apical region. Branches slender and tapering, often 5-ranked and decurved, leaves somewhat elongated at distal end. Branch fascicles with 2 spreading and mostly 1 pendent branch. Branch stem green, cortex enlarged with conspicuous retort cells. Branch leaves ovate-lanceolate, 1--1.7 mm, straight, slightly undulate and spreading ; margin entire, hyaline cells on convex surface with 1--5 pores in cell ends and free near apex, on concave surface with round wall thinnings in cell ends and angles; chlorophyllous cells triangular in transverse section and well-enclosed on concave surface. Sexual condition dioicous. Spores 25--33 µm; smooth to finely papillose on both surfaces; proximal laesura approximately 0.5 spore radius.

    Abundant in hollows and floating mats in raised bogs and poor fens; Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Colo.; Eurasia.

    Compared to S. angustifolium and S annulatum, S. balticum has stem leaves exerted at right angles to the stem. Sphagnum balticum also has fewer and weaker hanging branches than S. angustifolium, which make the stem itself often visible and the stem leaves easier to see. Sphagnum balticum also lacks the paired pendent branch buds between the capitulum rays as seen in S. angustifolium.


    Related Objects  

    Flora of North America  
  • Distribution Map
  • Map

  •  |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |