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Alseodaphne Nees

油丹属

Description from Flora of China

Evergreen trees. Terminal buds scaly. Leaves alternate, always clustered near apex of branchlet, pinninerved, often turning black when dry. Inflorescence axillary, paniculate or racemose; bracts and bracteoles deciduous. Flowers bisexual, 3-merous. Perianth tube short; perianth lobes 6, subequal or outer 3 smaller, slightly dilated after anthesis but absent in fruit. Fertile stamens 9, in 3 whorls; filaments of 1st and 2nd whorls glandless, those of 3rd whorl each with 2 glands at base; anthers 4-celled; cells of 1st and 2nd whorls introrse, those of 3rd whorl extrorse or upper 2 lateral and lower 2 extrorse. Staminodes 3, of innermost whorl, very small, nearly sagittate. Ovary partly immersed into shallow perianth tube; style often as long as ovary; stigma small, inconspicuous, discoid. Fruit black or purplish black when mature, ovoid, oblong, or subglobose; fruit stalk red, green, or yellow, sometimes nearly cylindric, fleshy, pulpy, always warty, truncate at apex.

Fifty species or more: Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; ten species (seven endemic) in China.

(Authors: Li Xiwen (李锡文 Li Hsi-wen), Li Jie (李捷); Henk van der Werff)


 

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