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Hylomecon Maxim.


Description from Flora of China

Herbs, perennial, yellow lactiferous. Rootstock short, oblique, with dense orbicular brown membranous scales, at fruiting orange fleshy. Stems erect, simple, leafless or rarely with 1 or 2 leaves. Basal leaves few in a lax rosette, long petiolate; blade pinnatisect, lobes 2 or 3 pairs, lowest pair smaller. Cauline leaves 2 from stem apex, rarely 3, opposite or subopposite, shortly petiolate, otherwise similar to basal leaves. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, 1-3-flowered. Sepals 2, caducous, imbricate. Petals 4, yellow, shortly clawed. Stamens many; anthers erect. Ovary terete or oblong, glabrous, 1-loculed, 2-carpellate; ovules many; styles short; stigmas 2-lobed, plump, alternate with placentas. Capsule narrowly terete, 2-valvate upward from base. Seeds many, small, carunculate.

One species: C, E, and N China, Japan, Korea, Russia (E Siberia).

(Authors: Zhang Mingli (张明理); Christopher Grey-Wilson)


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