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Pteridium Scop.

蕨属

Description from Flora of China

Filix Ludwig (1757), not Séguier (1754), nor Adanson (1763).

Plants terrestrial, robust. Rhizome brownish black, thick, ca. 5 mm in diam., hypogeal, densely clothed with rusty yellow to castaneous hairs, without scales. Fronds 50-130 cm; stipe with several vascular bundles; lamina large, often ovate or ovate-triangular, subleathery to papery, abaxially ± pilose, adaxially glabrous or sparsely hairy, 3- or 4-pinnate-pinnatifid; costae of ultimate pinnae clothed with fine gray-brown hairs, rarely glabrescent; rachises grooved adaxially, glabrous or pubescent; pinnae subopposite or alternate, stalked, basal pinnae pair larger than other pinnae, triangular; venation of ultimate pinnae pinnate, veins 2-forked, adaxially conspicuously prominent. Sori submarginal, linear, paraphyses not present; indusia formed by two layers; outer layer consisting of thin reflexed margin of lamina, persistent; inner layer thinner, vestigial, not conspicuous, sometimes nearly degenerate; sporangia long stalked; spores trilete, with low nipple-shaped protuberances. x = 13.

About 13 species: widely distributed worldwide, but mainly in the tropics; six species (three endemic) in China.

(Authors: Liao Wenbo (廖文波), Ding Mingyan (丁明艳), Wu Zhaohong (吴兆洪 Wu Shiew-hung); Jefferson Prado)


 

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