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Trachycarpus H. Wendl.

棕榈属

Description from Flora of China

Stem solitary, tall and aerial or rarely short and subterranean, usually covered with persistent, fibrous leaf sheaths, stems of older plants losing this covering, leaving a bare, ringed trunk. Leaves 6-25, palmate, usually forming a dense crown; leaf sheaths open, fibrous, old sheaths forming a mass of interwoven fibers, fibers at apex of sheath on younger leaves forming a prominent ocrea; petioles elongate, often bearing small, blunt teeth along margins; hastula present, small or prominent; blades green, gray-green, or bright white waxy on abaxial surfaces, divided into many stiff segments, these shortly split at their apices, rarely 2 or 3 segments fused together. Plants dioecious or polygamous. Inflorescences branched to 4 orders, borne among leaves, covered with many sheathing bracts, usually yellowish at flowering time. Fruits yellowish brown to purple-black, often with a whitish "bloom," kidney-shaped or oblong, grooved, 1-seeded; endosperm ruminate; germination remote; eophylls undivided, lanceolate.

It has not been possible to confirm the Kew World Checklist record of Trachycarpus martianus (Wallich ex Martius) H. Wendland for China.

Eight species: Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, N Thailand, Vietnam; three species (two endemic) in China.


 

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