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Digitaria radicosa

Description from Flora of China

Panicum radicosum J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 297. 1830; Digitaria chinensis Hornemann var. hirsuta (Honda) Ohwi; D. formosana Rendle; D. formosana var. hirsuta (Honda) Henrard; D. radicosa var. hirsuta (Honda) C. C. Hsu; D. tenuispica Rendle; D. timorensis (Kunth) Balansa; Panicum formosanum (Rendle) Makino & Nemoto; P. timorense Kunth; Syntherisma formosana (Rendle) Honda; S. formosana var. hirsuta Honda.

Annual. Culms slender, trailing, branching, 30–50 cm tall, glabrous. Leaf sheaths usually glabrous; leaf blades linear-lanceolate, 2–6 × 0.3–0.7 cm, abaxial surface scabrous, adaxial surface glabrous, pubescent or papillose-pilose at base; ligule 0.75–2 mm. Inflorescence digitate; racemes 2–3(–4), slender, 4–10 cm; spikelets paired, loosely imbricate by about half their length; rachis triquetrous, narrowly winged, ca. 0.6 mm broad, margins smooth or almost so. Spikelets narrowly lanceolate, 2.8–3 mm; lower glume triangular, 0.2–0.3 mm; upper glume narrow, long triangular, 1/3–2/3 as long as spikelet, 1–3-veined, villous throughout; lower lemma as long as spikelet, 5–7-veined, a broad intervein space on either side of midvein, lateral veins very close together near margin, appressed silky pubescent, very rarely with a ciliate fringe, never setose; upper lemma yellowish at maturity, narrowly lanceolate. Anthers 0.5–1 mm. Fl. and fr. summer–autumn. 2n = 18.

This species is related to Digitaria ciliaris, but differs in its slender, trailing habit, fewer digitate racemes with smooth-edged rachis, and narrow spikelets with contiguous lateral veins in the lower lemma, which thereby appears 3-veined.

This species is used for forage.

Moist grasslands, roadsides, weedy places. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand; Australia, Indian Ocean Islands, Madagascar, Pacific Islands; introduced in Pakistan, Tanzania, and a few other places].


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