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Caryota Linn.


Description from Flora of China

Thuessinkia Korthals.

Stems small to very large, solitary or clustered, columnar or swollen, usually ringed with conspicuous leaf scars. Leaves 4-20, spread out along stem, or borne in a compact crown at top of stem; leaf sheaths closed, not forming crownshafts; petioles short or elongate and then rounded in cross section, covered with whitish or brownish hairs, sometimes striped; leaves bipinnate, each primary pinna made up of several secondary pinnae borne on a secondary rachis terminated by a pinna; individual secondary pinnae triangular, with jagged outer margins, often spreading in different planes. Plants monoecious, semelparous, flowering proceeding from top of stem downward (basipetal). Inflorescences usually branched to 1 order, rarely spicate, borne either among or below leaves, covered with many persistent bracts; peduncle bearing a prophyll and several peduncular bracts; rachillae usually many, long and pendulous; flowers unisexual, borne in threes of 1 central female and 2 lateral male; male petals either yellow or purplish; stamens 6-150. Fruits orange, red, or purple, medium sized, usually ± globose, 1- or 2-seeded; mesocarp filled with irritant needle-shaped crystals; endosperm ruminate (homogeneous in one species); germination remote; eophylls bifid [pinnate in one species] with jagged margins.

Records of Caryota no Beccari ex J. Dransfield from China are based on misidentifications.

Thirteen species: from India through SE Asia to the W Pacific; four species in China.

经济区 Economic Plants Area, 棕榈区 Palmae Area, 分类区 Classified Area, 木本花卉区 Woody Accrescent Area, 濒危园 Endangered Plants Garden, 标本园 Specimens Garden, 引种苗圃 Introducing Plants Nursery, 蒲岗保护区 Pu Gang Reserve

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Caryota (PDF)
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