All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
SCBG Checklist | Family List | Papilionaceae

Erythrina Linn.

刺桐属

Description from Flora of China

Trees or shrubs [or perennial herbs], branches with prickles. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; stipules small; stipels fleshy and glandular; leaflets sometimes with stellate hairs. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, racemelike, noded, 2- or more flowered. Flowers conspicuous; bracts and bracteoles mostly deciduous. Calyx spathaceous, campanulate, or turbinate, truncate or 2-lobed. Corolla often red or orange, usually longer than calyx; petals extremely unequal; standard large, rounded or oblong, often folded longitudi­nally, erect or spreading, subsessile or long clawed, without appendages; wings short, sometimes absent; keels much shorter than standard. Stamens diadelphous; vexillary stamen free; anthers uniform. Ovary stipitate; ovules 2 to many; style inflexed; stigma small, terminal. Legume stipitate, mostly linear-oblong, often curved, dehiscent along ventral suture, rarely indehiscent, mostly leath­ery or woody, often constricted between seeds, not septate. Seeds 1-14, white, gray, or brown, rarely red with dark spots, ovoid; hilum lateral, oblong, without strophiole.

Erythrina corallodendron Linnaeus and E. crista-galli Linnaeus, and to a lesser extent E. caffra Thunberg, E. humeana Sprengel, E. lysistemon Hutchinson, and E. specicosa Andrews, have been introduced into China as ornamentals.

More than 100 species: tropics and subtropics; four species in China.

(Authors: Sa Ren (萨仁); Michael G. Gilbert)

经济区 Economic Plants Area, 中心区 Central Area, 药用植物园 Medicinal Plants Area, 木本花卉区 Woody Accrescent Area, 标本园 Specimens Garden, 引种苗圃 Introducing Plants Nursery

Lower Taxa


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Erythrina (PDF)
  • PDF

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |