All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
SCBG Checklist | Family List | Poaceae | Eleusine

Eleusine indica (Linn.) Gaertn.

牛筋草

Description from Flora of China

Cynosurus indicus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 72. 1753.

Annual. Culms tufted, erect or geniculate at base, 10–90 cm tall. Leaf sheaths glabrous or tuberculate-pilose; leaf blades flat or folded, 10–15 × 0.3–0.5 cm, glabrous or adaxial surface tuberculate-pilose; ligule ca. 1 mm, membranous, at most sparsely ciliolate. Inflorescence digitate, racemes (1–)2–7, linear, ascending, 3–10 × 0.3–0.5 cm, one raceme often set below the rest. Spikelets elliptic, 4–7 mm, florets 3–9; glumes lanceolate, scabrid along keel; lower glume 1-veined, 1.5–2 mm; upper glume with small additional veins in the thickened keel, 2–3 mm; lemmas ovate, 2–4 mm, keel with small additional veins, acute; palea keels winged. Grain blackish, oblong or ovate, obliquely striate with fine close lines running vertically between the striae. Fl. and fr. Jun–Oct. 2n = 18.

This pantropical, annual weed is a forage grass and is used for Chinese medicine.

Disturbed places, roadsides. Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Sichuan, Taiwan, Tianjin, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [tropics and subtropics].

药用植物园 Medicinal Plants Area, 蒲岗保护区 Pu Gang Reserve


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
    Gramineae (Poaceae) in Flora of Taiwan  
  • leaf cross section (JW Lin)
  • Image/JPEG
  • leaf cs section (cs kuoh)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Image/GIF (CC Hsu, 1975 Taiwan Grasses)
  • Image/GIF

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |