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Dinghushan | Family List | Pinaceae | Pinus

Pinus massoniana Lamb.

马尾松

Description from Flora of China

Trees to 45 m tall; trunk to 1.5 m d.b.h.; bark red-brown toward apex of trunk, gray- or red-brown toward base, irregularly scaly and flaking; crown broadly pyramidal or umbrellalike; branchlets usually growing twice per year, yellowish brown, occasionally glaucous; winter buds brown, ovoid-cylindric or cylindric. Needles 2(or 3) per bundle, slightly twisted, 12-20 cm, stomatal lines present on all surfaces, resin canals 4-8, marginal, base with persistent sheath. Seed cones pendulous, shortly pedunculate, green, turning chestnut brown at maturity, ovoid, conical-ovoid, or ovoid-cylindric, 2.5-7 × 2.5-5 cm. Seed scales suboblong-obovoid or subsquare; apophyses rhombic, slightly swollen or flat, slightly transversely ridged; umbo flattened, slightly sunken, blunt or shortly mucronate in apical part of cone. Seeds narrowly ovoid, 4-6 mm; wing 1.6-2.1 cm. Pollination Apr-May, seed maturity Oct-Dec of 2nd year.

An important tree for afforestation in S China. The timber is used for construction, railway sleepers, mine timber, furniture, wood pulp, etc., and the trunk as a source of resin and tannin, and for cultivating fungi.

* Plains, hills, mountains; near sea level to 2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, W Henan, Hubei, Hunan, S Jiangsu, Jiangxi, SE Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, E Yunnan, Zhejiang

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 乔木;

花期: 2--3

果期: 翌年11--12月

生境: 生于荒山; 花粉治血虚头昏、外敷湿疮及蜘蛛中毒,松节和松节油治风寒湿痹、筋骨疼痛,松香可治痈疖,疥癣,湿疮搔痒等;荒山造林主要树种。梭树寄生可治肺病、咳血、内伤

用途: 材用,为水中工程和矿柱优良用材;树干又为人造纤维、造纸、火柴杆等原料,又可培养茯苓、蕈类及割取松脂提炼松香和松节油;种子含脂肪油,可供工业及食用;叶可提取芳香油、单宁及制农药;药用,嫩苗(三寸钉)止血生肌,治跌打,叶治火烧伤、牛膨胀和牛雪蹄,雄花序止咳润肺

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 裸子植物亚门

中文别名: 松树


 

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