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Dinghushan | Family List | Cupressaceae | Platycladus

Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco

侧柏

Description from Flora of China

Thuja orientalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1002. 1753; Biota orientalis (Linnaeus) Endlicher; Platycladus stricta Spach; Thuja chengii Borderes & Gaussen; T. orientalis var. argyi Lemee & H. Léveillé.

Trees to more than 20 m tall; trunk to 1 m (or more) d.b.h.; bark reddish brown to light grayish brown, thin, flaking in long strips; crown ovoid-pyramidal when young, broadly rounded or irregular when old. Leaves 1-3 mm, apex bluntly pointed; facial leaves rhomboid, with a conspicuous, linear, glandular groove at center abaxially; lateral leaves overlapping facial ones, boat-shaped, ridged, apex slightly incurved. Pollen cones yellowish green, ovoid, 2-3 mm. Seed cones when immature bluish green, subglobose, ca. 3 mm in diam., when ripe reddish brown, subovoid, 1.5-2(-2.5) × 1-1.8 cm; proximal 2 fertile cone scales 2-seeded, distal 2 fertile scales 1-seeded. Seeds grayish brown or purplish brown, ovoid or subellipsoid, 5-7 × 3-4 mm, slightly ridged. Pollination Mar-Apr, seed maturity Oct.

Natural occurrences are difficult to distinguish from local introductions, owing to extensive cultivation and planting in the past; 300-3300 m. Native in S Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi; introduced or status uncertain in Anhui, Fujian, N Guangdong, N Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, S Nei Mongol, Shandong, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Korea, E Russia].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 乔木;

花期: 3--4

果期: 10

生境: 栽培;叶和种子又可制农药及治牛膨胀病;庭园绿化树种

用途: 我国特产。木材、枝叶可磨粉作香料;嫩枝和叶含芳香油;种子榨油供食用及工业用;根、枝叶和种子入药,根和枝叶止血凉血、清肺止咳,治咯血、衄血、尿血、功能性子宫出血、慢性气管炎,种子(柏子仁)养心安神、润肠通便,治神经衰弱、失眠、便秘等,

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 裸子植物亚门

中文别名: 扁柏、柏树


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Illustration
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  • Illustration
    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image File (Susan Kelley)
  • Image/JPEG

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