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Dinghushan | Family List | Myricaceae | Myrica

Myrica esculenta Buch.-Ham.


Description from Flora of China

Myrica sapida Wallich.

Trees evergreen, dioecious, usually (2-)4-10 m tall; trunk to 40 cm d.b.h.; bark gray. Branchlets and buds tomentose. Petiole 0.3-2 cm, pubescent to tomentose; leaf blade narrowly elliptic-obovate or lanceolate-obovate to cuneate-obovate, 4-18 × 1.5-4.5 cm, leathery, abaxially pale green, dark punctate, occasionally sparsely golden glandular, adaxially dark green, rarely glandular, pubescent along midvein, base cuneate, margin entire or sometimes serrate in apical 1/2, apex obtuse to acute. Male inflorescences much branched, erect or pendulous at apex, 4-9 cm; individual spikelets to ca. 1 cm; peduncle densely pubescent; bracts overlapping, ciliate and usually golden glandular. Male flowers without bracteoles. Stamens 3-7; anthers red, ellipsoid. Female inflorescences erect, 1-3.5 cm, many flowered; flowers in short, axillary fascicles well spaced at maturity; rachis densely pubescent and golden glandular; bracts ciliate, golden glandular. Female flowers with 2 bracteoles, ciliate and golden glandular. Ovary velutinous; stigmas 2, bright red. Drupes many per infructescence, red at maturity, usually ellipsoid, papilliferous. Fl. Aug-Feb, fr. Nov-May.

Open, mixed forests on mountain slopes; 300-2500 m. NW Guangdong, Guangxi, S and W Guizhou, W Sichuan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 小乔木;嫩枝及叶柄被柔毛;花序分枝,

花期: 8

果期: 翌春

生境: 见于鸡笼山、白云林中、路旁

用途: 果可食;木材供制家具、农具用材;根皮、树皮及叶可制栲胶

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


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