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Dinghushan | Family List | Fagaceae | Castanopsis

Castanopsis hystrix DCastanopsis

红锥

Description from Flora of China

Castanea bodinieri H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Castanopsis bodinieri (H. Léveillé & Vaniot) Koidzumi; C. brunnea (H. Léveillé) A. Camus; C. lohfauensis Hu; C. tapuensis Hu; Quercus brunnea H. Léveillé.

Trees. Young shoots purple-brown, slender, sparsely to densely puberulent and with yellowish brown small lamellate waxy scalelike trichomes. Petiole ca. 1 cm or rarely longer; leaf blade lanceolate to obovate-elliptic, 4-9 × 1.5-4 cm or rarely smaller or larger, papery to thinly leathery, pubescent when young but early glabrescent, at least adaxially along midvein with very lax and thick or tight and thin, reddish brown to yellowish brown, small, lamellate, waxy scalelike trichomes, base sharply acute to rounded and inaequilateral, apex mucronate to caudate; midvein adaxially impressed; secondary veins 9-15 on each side of midvein, very slender, evident. Female inflorescence solitary in leaf axil. Infructescence ca. 15 cm. Cupule globose, 2.5-4 cm in diam., splitting into 4 segments, wall ca. 2.5 mm thick; bracts spinelike, completely covering cupule, 6-10 mm, sparsely puberulent, base of some connate into bundles. Nut 1 per cupule, broadly conical, 1-1.5 × 0.8-1.3 cm, glabrous; scar basal. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Aug-Nov of following year.

Broad-leaved evergreen forests; near sea level to 1600 m. SE Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, SW Hunan, SE Xizang (Mêdog Xian), S Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, NE India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Vietnam]

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 乔木;叶背黄灰色或棕色,有疏毛或粉末状鳞比,壳斗密生长刺,

花期: 3

果期: 11--12

生境: 见于鸡笼山密林中

用途: 木材坚硬耐久,心材红褐色,属优良材,供建筑、造船、家具等用;种子可食;树皮及壳斗含鞣质,树干可培养香菇

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 红椽、红藜、赤藜、藜木


 

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