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Dinghushan | Family List | Fagaceae | Lithocarpus

Lithocarpus fenestratus (Roxb.) Rehd.

泥椎柯

Description from Flora of China

Quercus fenestrata Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3: 633. 1832; Lithocarpus fenestratus var. brachycarpus A. Camus; Pasania fenestrata (Roxburgh) Oersted; Synaedrys fenestrata (Roxburgh) Koidzumi.

Trees 25-30 m tall. Branchlets of current year pubescent or with tawny lamellate waxy scalelike trichomes. Petiole 5-10 mm, pilose; leaf blade lanceolate, ovate-oblong, or ovate-elliptic, 5-22 × 2-7 cm, papery to thickly papery, abaxially with yellowish gray to gray, adherent, waxy or lamellate scalelike trichomes, base cuneate to narrowly so and decurrent on petiole, margin entire, apex acute to acuminate; secondary veins 12-17 on each side of midvein, sometimes adaxially impressed, abruptly arcuate apically near margin, apical ones often fusing; tertiary veins abaxially slender, evident, numerous, subparallel. Male inflorescences usually in a panicle. Female inflorescences to 25 cm. Infructescences to 18 cm; rachis 5-8 mm thick; cupules in clusters of ca. 3, only 1 or 2 developed. Cupule depressed globose, 1-2.8 cm in diam., enclosing most of nut, wall 0.5-1 mm thick; bracts imbricate, triangular, appressed, sparsely covered with minute hairs and brown waxy scalelike trichomes. Nut depressed globose to broadly conical, wall 0.4-1 mm thick; scar 1-1.8 cm in diam., concave. Fl. Aug-Oct, fr. Aug-Dec of following year.

Broad-leaved evergreen forests; below 1700 m. C to S Guangdong, SW Guangxi, Hainan, SE Xizang (Mêdog Xian), Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Laos, NE Myanmar, Sikkim, N Thailand, NE Vietnam]

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 乔木;似皱叶稠,但本种叶脉绝不凹陷,壳斗包着坚果大半或全包坚果

花期: 9

果期: 12

生境: 见于鸡笼山山谷水旁

用途: 材用;种子含淀粉,壳斗含鞣质

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 窗眼稠


 

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