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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

Ficus abelii Miq.

水榕

Description from Flora of China

Ficus pyriformis Hooker & Arnott var. abelii (Miquel) King; F. schinzii H. Léveillé & Vaniot.

Shrubs, scandent, 1-2.5 m tall. Bark dark gray. Branchlets and petioles densely covered with short and thick gray-white hairs. Stipules lanceolate, ca. 4 mm, sparsely pubescent. Petiole 4-10 mm, pubescent; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, 4-9 × 1-2 cm, papery, abaxially densely covered with yellow to gray-white short stiff hairs and soft pubescence, adaxially with scattered short and thick hairs but glabrescent, base cuneate, margin entire, apex shortly acuminate to acute; basal lateral veins short, secondary veins 7-9 on each side of midvein, abaxially conspicuous, and adaxially impressed. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, solitary, purplish black to brown red when mature, ± pear-shaped, 1.5-2 cm in diam., densely covered with short stiff white hairs, base attenuated into a stalk, apical pore navel-like; peduncle 7-10 mm, with short thick hairs; involucral bracts triangular-ovate, hairy. Male flowers: scattered, subsessile; calyx lobes 3, shorter than stamens; stamens 2 or 3, unequal; anthers longer than filaments. Gall flowers: together with male flowers; calyx lobes connate, apically 3- or 4-lobed; ovary globose, with sparse small tubercles; style lateral, short. Female flowers: without calyx; style subapical, long; style linear. Achenes reniform, covered by a sticky membrane. Fl. May-Jul.

S Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, SW Sichuan, Yunnan [NE Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, N Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;

果期: 秋月

生境: 生于山谷疏林中

用途: 根、叶及树皮药用,有消肿止痛、清热解毒,健胃化气、去湿热和催奶之效

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 石榕树、水桶树


 

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