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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

Ficus fulva Reinw. ex Bl.


Description from Flora of China

Ficus chrysocarpa Reinwardt ex Blume; F. fulva var. chrysocarpa (Reinwardt ex Blume) Koorders.

Small trees, 6-8 m tall. Branchlets and young leaves densely covered with coarse rust-colored thick hairs and pale yellow pubescence. Stipules lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm, densely woolly red rust-colored tomentose. Petiole 1-1.5 cm, densely golden yellow hairy; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate to elliptic, 10-15 × 5-8 cm, papery, abaxially densely golden yellow tomentose, adaxially with scattered and bent coarse hairs, base cuneate and entire, margin serrate, apex acute to acuminate; secondary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, paired, globose, 1-1.5 cm in diam., densely golden yellow tomentose, apical pore small, navel-like; peduncle short to absent; involucral bracts broadly ovate, densely covered with golden yellow thick hairs. Male flowers: near apical pore, calyx lobes 4, transparent white, broadly ovate, glabrous; stamens 2. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 4, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, tips with tufts of long hairs; ovary ovoid, smooth; style lateral, short. Female flowers: sepals similar to those of male flowers; style, persistent, lateral, long; stigma cylindric. Achenes ellipsoid to rhomboid, wrinkled, tuberculate.

This species has been confused with Ficus hirta, and the occurrence of true F. fulva within the Flora area needs confirmation. The material varies considerably, and a number of probable further synonyms are recorded from outside the Flora area.

S Yunnan [Brunei, India (Nicobar Islands), Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 小乔木;叶大,全缘或顶端浅裂,叶背面及果密被黄色绒毛

果期: 冬月

生境: 见于林缘、路旁

用途: 茎纤维可制绳索;叶可作猪饲料;根药用消肿行血、行气止咳,治风湿痛、咳嗽、慢性支气管炎,为栗球合剂克咳片的原料之一

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


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