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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

Ficus hispida Linn. Ficus

对叶榕

Description from Flora of China

Covellia hispida (Linnaeus f.) Miquel; Ficus compressa S. S. Chang; F. heterostyla Merrill; F. hispida var. badiostrigosa Corner; F. hispida var. rubra Corner; F. letaqui H. Léveillé & Vaniot; F. sambucixylon H. Léveillé.

Shrubs or small trees, coarsely hairy; dioecious. Stipules usually 4 and decussate on leafless fruiting branchlets, ovate-lanceolate. Leaves opposite; petiole 1-4 cm, with short thick hairs; leaf blade ovate, oblong, or obovate-oblong, 10-25 × 5-10 cm, thickly papery, abaxially with coarse gray hairs, adaxially rough and with short thick hairs, base rounded to ± cuneate, margin entire or bluntly toothed, apex acute to mucronate; secondary veins 6-9 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, sometimes on leafless branchlets or branchlets from main branches, solitary or paired, yellow or red when mature, top-shaped, 1.2-3 cm in diam., with short scattered hairs, pedunculate; involucre bracts present; lateral bracts sometimes present. Male flowers: many, near apical pore; calyx lobes 3, thinly membranous; stamen 1. Gall flowers: calyx absent; style subapical, short, thick. Female flowers: calyx lobes absent; style lateral, with hairs. Fl. Jun-Jul.

Varieties have been based on differences in fruit size and color but these vary too continuously to justify recognition of formal taxa.

Along streams, plains; 700-1500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia].

生活型: 乔木, 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木或小乔木;叶对生,粗糙,

果期: 冬月

生境: 生于山谷水旁、林缘、灌丛中

用途: 叶、根、皮入药,有消炎止痛、行气散瘀、清热利水、化气、催乳之效;叶作猪饲料; 茎皮纤维代麻或制人造棉;紫胶虫寄主植物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 奶糯根


 

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