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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

Ficus variolosa Lindl. ex Benth.

变叶榕

Description from Flora of China

Ficus langbianensis Gagnepain, p.p. (Chavalier 30696).

Shrubs or trees, 3-10 m tall. Bark grayish brown, smooth. Branchlet internodes short. Stipules narrowly triangular, ca. 8 mm. Petiole 6-10 mm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 5-12 × 1.5-4 cm, ± leathery, base cuneate, margin entire, apex obtuse to blunt; basal lateral veins 2, short, secondary veins 7-11(-15) on each side of midvein and at almost 90° to midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, paired or solitary, globose, 1-1.2 cm in diam., tuberculate, apical pore navel-like, convex; peduncle 0.8-1.2 cm; involucral bracts ovate-triangular, base slightly connate. Male flowers: near apical pore. Gall flowers: ovary globose; style lateral, short. Female flowers: calyx lobes 3 or 4; ovary reniform; style lateral, long, thin. Achenes tuberculate. Fl. Dec-Jun.

This species needs careful comparison with Ficus biglandulosa Wallich ex Steudel (1840).

The stems, leaves, and roots are used medicinally and the fibers are used for making cloth.

Forests, wet areas. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Yunnan, Zhejiang [Laos, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 灌木;小枝节间极短,节上有明显凸起的环状托叶遗痕,叶基部有2枚白色扁平腺体

花期: 2--6

生境: 生于自然林及灌丛中

用途: 根及枝叶入药,补脾健胃、去风湿,治风湿痹痛、脾虚泄泻等;茎皮纤维可代麻

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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