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Dinghushan | Family List | Moraceae | Morus

Morus alba L.

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs or trees, 3-10 m tall. Bark gray, shallowly furrowed. Branches finely hairy. Winter buds reddish brown, ovoid, finely hairy. Stipules lanceolate, 2-3.5 cm, densely covered with short pubescence. Petiole 1.5-5.5 cm, pubescent; leaf blade ovate to broadly ovate, irregularly lobed, 5-30 × 5-12 cm, abaxially sparsely pubescent along midvein or in tufts in axil of midvein and primary lateral veins, adaxially bright green and glabrous, base rounded to ± cordate, margin coarsely serrate to crenate, apex acute, acuminate, or obtuse. Male catkins pendulous, 2-3.5 cm, densely white hairy. Female catkins 1-2 cm, pubescent; peduncle 5-10 mm, pubescent. Male flowers: calyx lobes pale green, broadly elliptic; filaments inflexed in bud; anthers 2-loculed, globose to reniform. Female flowers: sessile; calyx lobes ovoid, ± compressed, with marginal hairs; ovary sessile, ovoid; style absent; stigmas with mastoidlike protuberance, branches divergent, papillose. Syncarp red when immature, blackish purple, purple, or greenish white when mature, ovoid, ellipsoid, or cylindric, 1-2.5 cm. Fl. Apr-May, fr. May-Aug.

The leaves provide food for silkworms, the bark fiber is used for textiles and paper, and the bark is also used for medicine.

* Originally endemic to C and N China, now cultivated throughout China [widely cultivated throughout the world].

生活型: 乔木, 灌木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 落叶灌木至小乔木;

花期: 2

果期: 10

生境: 栽培

用途: 叶供饲养蚕饲料;木材供制家具、器具等用;枝、叶、根皮及果( 桑椹)入药,有通经络、清热散风、凉血明目、止咳平喘及滋阴补血之效;果又可食或酿酒; 茎皮纤维供造纸、人造棉原料

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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