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Dinghushan | Family List | Loranthaceae | Viscum

Viscum multinerve Hayata

柄果槲寄生

Description from Flora of China

Viscum orientale var. multinerve Hayata, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20: 72. 1906; V. stipitatum Lecomte.

Shrubs monoecious, becoming pendulous, green, 50-70 cm tall. Branches opposite and decussate or dichotomous, terete; internodes 4-6 cm. Leaves opposite; petiole short; leaf blade lanceolate, rarely oblong-ovate, subleathery, 5-7-veined, base attenuate, apex acuminate or acute. Inflorescences axillary, sometimes terminal, cymes 1-3 together; peduncle 2-5 mm; 3-5-flowered, central 1-3 flower(s) female, lateral flowers male; involucre navicular, ca. 2 mm, seriate. Pedicel absent. Male flowers ovoid in bud, ca. 1.5 mm; perianth lobes 4. Female flowers ellipsoid or clavate, 2.5-3 mm; perianth lobes 4, triangular, ca. 1 mm. Stigma nipple-shaped. Berry base narrowed into a slender, 2-4 mm stalk, body greenish yellow, subglobose or obovoid, ca. 4 mm in diam., smooth. Fl. and fr. Apr-Dec.

The plants are parasitic on Castanopsis fabri, C. fissa, Cinnamomum camphora, and Lithocarpus calophyllus.

Forests, mountain slopes; 200-1600 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, S Jiangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan [Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 寄生灌木;

花期: 4

生境: 见于自然林中树上

用途: 全株入药,可代桑寄生用;补肝肾、壮筋骨、消肿祛痰、安胎下乳

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 寄生茶


 

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