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Dinghushan | Family List | Amaranthaceae | Amaranthus

Amaranthus tricolor L.

苋菜

Description from Flora of China

Amaranthus gangeticus Linnaeus; A. gangeticus var. angustior Bailey; A. mangostanus Linnaeus.

Stem green or red, 80-150 cm tall, stout, often branched. Petiole green or red, 2-6 cm; leaf blade green, red, purple, or yellow, ovate, ovate-rhombic, or lanceolate, 4-10 × 2-7 cm, glabrous, base cuneate, margin entire or undulate, apex obtuse or notched, with a mucro. Flowers in dense clusters at leaf axils or in spike at apex; male and female flowers in same inflorescences. Bracts and bracteoles ovate-lanceolate, 2.5-3 mm, transparent, apex long pointed. Stamens 3. Stigmas 3. Utricles included in perianth, ovate-oblong, 2-2.5 mm, circumscissile. Seeds brownish black, subglobose or obovoid, ca. 1 mm in diam. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 34*, 68, 85*.

Widely cultivated. in China [probably native to tropical Asia; cultivated and naturalized throughout that region].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 一年生、直立、无刺草本;

果期: 10

生境: 栽培

用途: 蔬菜;全株药用,清热、明目、解毒,利大小便,根治痢疾、痔疮,种子可治眼疾

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名:


 

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