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Dinghushan | Family List | Nyctaginaceae | Mirabilis

Mirabilis jalapa L.


Description from Flora of China

Nyctago jalapa (Linnaeus) Candolle.

Herbs annual, to 1 m tall. Roots tuberous, black or black-brown. Stems erect, much branched, cylindric, glabrous or slightly pubescent, inflated on nodes. Petiole 1-4 cm; leaf blade ovate or ovate-triangular, 3-15 × 2-9 cm, base truncate or cordate, margin entire, apex acuminate. Flowers usually several clustered at apex of branches, fragrant; pedicel 1-2 mm. Invo- lucre campanulate, ca. 1 cm, 5-lobed, lobes triangular-ovate, acuminate, glabrous, persistent. Perianth purple, red, yellow, white, or variegated; tube 2-6 cm; limb 2.5-3 cm in diam., opening in late afternoon, closing next morning. Stamens 5; filaments slender, exserted; anther globose. Fruit black, globose, 5-8 mm in diam., coriaceous, ribbed and plicate. Endosperm white mealy. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Aug-Nov.

This species is used medicinally and as an ornamental.

Originally introduced as an ornamental, now a ruderal weed in some areas of China [native to tropical America; now pantropical].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生草本;

花期: 7

果期: 8

生境: 生于村旁、路边或栽培

用途: 药用,根祛湿利尿、消肿解毒,活血调经,治尿路感染、白带、调经、前列腺炎、跌打等;根、叶外敷治疮疖、乳腺炎、跌打损伤;果实粉末调水涂葡萄疮;种子胚乳加香料可制化妆品香粉;庭园花卉;全草有毒

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 胭脂花、入地老鼠


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