All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
Dinghushan | Family List | Nymphaeaceae | Nelumbo

Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

Description from Flora of China

Nelumbo komarovii Grossheim; N. nucifera var. macrorhizomata Nakai; Nelumbium speciosum Willdenow; Nymphaea nelumbo Linnaeus.

Petiole 1--2 m, terete, fistulous, glabrous or papillae hard and scattered; leaf blade abaxially blue-green, orbicular, 25--90 cm in diam., papery, glabrous, glaucous, water-repellent, margin entire. Flowers 10--23 cm in diam.; peduncles longer than petioles, glabrous or sparsely spinulate. Tepals caducous, pink or white, oblong-elliptic to obovate, 5--10 × 3--5 cm. Stamens slightly longer than receptacle; filament slender; anther linear, 1--2 mm; connective appendage clavate, to 7 mm, incurved. Receptacle accrescent, turbinate, 5--10 cm in diam. Fruit oblong to ovoid, 1.0--2.0 × 7--15 cm, glabrous; pericarp thick, hardened. Fl. Jun--Aug. 2n = 16.

This species is cultivated for its edible rhizomes and seeds.

Lakes, ponds, cultivated. Throughout China except Nei Mongol, Qinghai, and Xizang [Bhutan, India, Indonesia (Java), Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia (Far East), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; SW Asia, Australia].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 多年生水生草本;花大,淡红色,

花期: 夏月

果期: 12

生境: 生于池塘中,栽培

用途: 地下茎(莲藕)供食用,又可提淀粉;药用,藕节止血,荷叶消热解暑,治流感,热咳,中暑,热泻,雄蕊(莲须)止血固精,治遗精,白带,花托(莲蓬)治妇女血崩,尿血兽医用治牛胎衣不下有卓效,种子(莲子)健脾止泻,养心益肾,也供食用,种胚(莲心)清心血,除烦降压.花大美丽,供观赏

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 莲藕、荷花、芙蓉、


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
    Flora of North America  
  • Distribution Map
  • Map
    Flora of Pakistan  
  • Illustration
  • Image/JPEG

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |