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Dinghushan | Family List | Berberidaceae | Nandina

Nandina domestica Thunb.


Description from Flora of China

Nandina domestica var. linearifolia C. Y. Wu ex S. Y. Bao.

Shrubs, evergreen, erect, to 3 m tall, glabrous, few branched. Branchlets reddish when young. Leaves 30-50 cm; leaflets nearly sessile; blades elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, 2-10 × 0.5-2 cm, weakly leathery, glabrous, base cuneate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences erect, 20-35 cm. Flowers cream or white. Sepals ovate-triangular or ovate-oblong, 1-4 mm. Petals oblong, ca. 4.2 × 2.5 mm, apex obtuse. Stamens ca. 3.5 mm; anther connective prolonged. Ovary locules 1; ovules 1-3. Carpopodium 4-8 mm. Berry red or purplish, 6-8 mm in diam. Seeds grayish or brownish, oblate-spheroidal. Fl. Mar-Jun, fr. May-Nov. 2n = 20*.

Streamsides in montane forests, roadsides, thickets; below 1000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, ?Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Japan; probably not native in SE North America, West Indies, and South America (Peru)].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 灌木;

生境: 栽培

用途: 全株药用,强筋活络,消炎解毒,解热镇咳,可代黄连用,果可镇咳,止气喘,但有毒,用时宜慎;庭园观赏;钙质土指示植物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 土黄连


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