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Dinghushan | Family List | Menispermaceae | Pericampylus

Pericampylus glaucus (Lam.) Merr.

细圆藤

Description from Flora of China

Menispermum glaucum Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 100. 1797; Cocculus incanus Colebrooke; Coscinium colaniae Gagnepain; Pericampylus formosanus Diels; P. incanus (Colebrooke) J. D. Hooker & Thomson; P. omeiensis W. Y. Lien; P. trinervatus Yamamoto.

Woody vines to 10 m or longer. Old stems glabrescent; young stems often long and pendulous, usually yellowish tomentose, striate. Petiole 3-7 cm, tomentose; leaf blade triangular-ovate to triangular-oblong, length and width 3.5-8(-10) cm, papery to thinly leathery, both surfaces tomentose or adaxially sparsely pubescent to glabrescent, rarely both surfaces glabrous, base subtruncate to cordate, rarely broadly cuneate, margin crenate or subentire, apex obtuse or rounded, rarely mucronate, apiculate, palmately (3-)5-veined, reticulation conspicuous. Inflorescences corymbose cymes, 2-10 cm, tomentose. Male flowers: sepals 9, ± pubescent abaxially, outer 3 narrow, ca. 0.5 mm, middle 3 oblanceolate, 1-1.5 mm, inner 3 slightly broad; petals 6, cuneate or sometimes spatulate, 0.5-0.7 mm, margin involute; stamens 6, filaments free or ± adnate, ca. 0.75 mm. Female flowers: sepals and petals as in male flowers; staminodes 6; ovary 0.5-0.7 mm, stigma 2-lobed. Drupes red or purple; endocarp 5-6 mm in diam. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Sep-Oct.

Forests, forest margins, shrublands; ca. 700 m (up to nearly 1300 m in Thailand). Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 木质藤本;果红色

花期: 4

果期: 7

生境: 生于林中、灌丛中或路旁

用途: 根,叶药用,根止咳,解毒,治肺病,疮疖,蛇伤,喉头炎,叶治无名肿毒,骨折及山猪咬伤;根茎含有麻醉作用的生物硷;藤可取纤维及织物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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