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Dinghushan | Family List | Menispermaceae | Stephania

Stephania longa Lour.

粪箕笃

Description from Flora of China

Stephania hispidula (Yamamoto) Yamamoto; S. japonica (Thunberg) Miers var. hispidula Yamamoto.

Herbaceous vines, 1-4 m or longer, glabrous except for inflorescence. Branches slender, striate. Petiole 1-4.5 cm, often twining at base; leaf blade conspicuously peltate, triangular-ovate, 3-9 × 2-6 cm, papery, adaxially dark brown, abaxially light green, sometimes pinkish green, base subtruncate or slightly rounded, rarely slightly concave, apex obtuse, with a finely mucronate acumen, palmately 10- or 11-veined. Inflorescences compound umbelliform cymes, axillary; peduncle 1-4 cm; male inflorescences more slender, hispidulous; umbellet very condensed, headlike; pedicels ± concealed by flowers. Male flowers: sepals (6 or)8 in 2 whorls, cuneate or obovate, ca. 1 mm, abaxially with short papillary hairs; petals 4, sometimes 3, greenish yellow, usually rotund, ca. 0.4 mm; synandrium ca. 0.6 mm. Female flowers: sepals and petals (3 or)4, ca. 0.6 mm; ovary glabrous, stigma lobes divaricate. Drupes red, 5-6 mm; endocarp abaxially ornamented with rows of 10 or slightly more. Fl. late spring-early summer, fr. autumn.

Shrublands, forest margins. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, SE Yunnan [Laos].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 缠绕藤本;果红色

果期: 7

生境: 生于灌丛、路旁、常见

用途: 全株药用,清热解毒,利尿消肿,祛风活络,治蛇伤,疮疖,刀伤,热泻、痢疾,喉痛,腹痛,肾炎水肿,尿道感染,风湿疼痛,坐骨神经痛等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

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