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Dinghushan | Family List | Annonaceae | Desmos

Desmos chinensis Lour.

假鹰爪

Description from Flora of China

Artabotrys esquirolii H. Léveillé; Unona chinensis (Loureiro) Candolle; U. discolor Vahl.

Climbers to 4 m tall, woody. Branches stout, sparsely hairy when young, with raised grayish white lenticels. Petiole 3-8 mm; leaf blade oblong to elliptic, rarely broadly ovate, 6-14 × 2-6.5 cm, membranous to thinly papery, abaxially glaucous and sparsely appressed hairy, adaxially glossy, secondary veins 7-12 on each side of midvein, base rounded to slightly oblique, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences superaxillary or leaf-opposed, 1-flowered. Flowers 3-6 cm wide, pendulous. Pedicel 2-6.5 cm. Sepals ovate to lanceolate, 4-10 × 2-4.5 mm. Outer petals oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 3-6.5 × 1-2 cm; inner petals lanceolate, 4-7 × 1-2 cm. Stamen connectives apically truncate to rounded. Carpels 25-35; stigmas clavate, apex 2-cleft. Fruiting pedicel 2-6 cm; monocarp stipes 4-14 mm; monocarps ellipsoid or moniliform, 0.8-6 cm × 4-6 mm, with 2-6 joints; joints yellowish brown, subglobose, ca. 7 × 6 mm, sparsely hairy, apex of terminal obtuse to shortly rostrate. Fl. Apr-Oct, fr. Jun-Dec. 2n = 20.

The bast fibers of Desmos chinensis are used for cordage; the roots and leaves are used medicinally; and the leaves are used in brewing liquor in Hainan.

Wastelands and thickets in valleys; 100-1500 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, S Guizhou, Hainan, SE Yunnan [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 直立或攀援灌木;黄花白色至黄色,芳香;花瓣外轮比内轮大,反转弯曲,状似鹰爪,果成串排成链珠状,果熟时红色 ;全株有小毒

花期: 夏秋

果期: 秋季至翌春

生境: 生于山坡灌丛、路旁

用途: 药用驱风止痛,治产后腹痛,风湿骨痛,跌打,流感,皮癣,兽医用治牛宿草不转,伤食,牛膨胀等症;茎皮纤维可作人造棉及高级纸原料,也可代麻;叶可制酒饼;花香,可作庭园绿化禁物

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 酒饼叶、穿珠酒饼、鸡爪风


 

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