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Dinghushan | Family List | Annonaceae | Fissistigma

Fissistigma glaucescens (Hance) Merr.

白叶瓜馥木

Description from Flora of China

Melodorum glaucescens Hance, J. Bot. 19: 112. 1881; Fissistigma obtusifolium Merrill.

Climbers to 6 m tall, most parts glabrous except for inflorescences. Petiole 4-12 mm, blackish and minutely transversely wrinkled when dried, pubescent when young, glabrescent; leaf blade oblong, oblong-elliptic, or sometimes obovate-oblong, 3-20 × 1.2-6 cm, thinly leathery, abaxially grayish green and glaucous when dry, secondary veins 10-15 on each side of midvein and adaxially very slightly prominent or flat, tertiary veins inconspicuously raised, base rounded, apex rounded to slightly retuse. Inflorescences terminal, thyrsoid, to 6 cm, sometimes continuing vegetatively and cymes apparently axillary, cymules 2- or 3-flowered, brownish tomentose; peduncle very short. Pedicel to 1.2 cm. Sepals broadly triangular, ca. 2 mm. Outer petals broadly ovate, ca. 6 mm, fulvous pubescent; inner petals ovate-oblong, ca. 5 mm, grayish white pubescent. Stamens oblong; connectives 3-angular. Carpels ca. 15, ellipsoid, fulvous pubescent; ovule 1 per carpel; styles elongate, glabrous; stigmas apically 2-cleft. Monocarp stipes ca. 3 mm; monocarps ca. 8 mm in diam., glabrous. Seed 1 per monocarp. Fl. Jan-Sep, fr. Mar-Dec.

A fine strong bast fiber obtained from the inner bark of Fissistigma glaucescens is used to make rope, sacks, and paper; its roots are used as medicine for rheumatism and injury; and its leaves are used as yeast powder to start fermentation when making liquor in Guangdong and Hainan.

Sparsely forested slopes, scrub, often in ravines; 100-1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan [Vietnam].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 木质大藤本;叶背面苍白色;花白色,果球形,果熟时黄色

花期: 4--9

果期: 6--10

生境: 生于自然林中

用途: 根入药,可治风湿,痨伤

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 白背瓜馥木


 

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