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Dinghushan | Family List | Annonaceae | Fissistigma

Fissistigma oldhamii (Hemsl.) Merr.

瓜馥木

Description from Flora of China

Melodorum oldhamii Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 27. 1886; Fissistigma oldhamii var. longistipitatum Tsiang.

Climbers to 8 m tall. Branchlets fulvous pubescent. Petiole ca. 1 cm, pubescent; leaf blade obovate-elliptic to oblong, 6-13 × 2-5 cm, leathery, abaxially pubescent to glabrescent, adaxially glabrous, secondary veins 10-20 on each side of midvein and adaxially flat, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex bluntly acute, rounded, or retuse. Inflorescences in glomerules, 1-8-flowered; peduncle ca. 2.5 cm. Flowers ca. 1.5 × 1-1.7 cm. Sepals broadly triangular, 3-5(-7) × 5-6 mm, brown tomentose, apex acute. Petals pale yellow to golden; outer petals ovate-elliptic, 21-24 × 11-12 mm, thicker, outside pubescent, inside glabrous; inner petals ovate-lanceolate, ca. 20 × 6 mm, outside puberulent, inside concave and puberulent, margin ciliate. Stamens oblong, ca. 2 cm; connectives slightly curved. Carpels 24-26, golden hairy; ovules 10 per carpel; styles white; stigma apex 2-cleft. Monocarp stipes 2.5-4 cm; monocarps globose, 1.5-1.8 cm in diam., densely fulvous tomentose. Seeds 4 per monocarp, orbicular. Fl. Apr-Sep, fr. Jul-Feb.

A fine strong bast fiber is obtained from the inner bark of Fissistigma oldhamii and is used to make rope, sacks, and paper; its flowers yield a perfumed oil; the seed oil is used in cosmetics and industry; and its roots are used as medicine for traumatic injury and arthritis.

● On shrubs, often along ravines; 500-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, SE Yunnan, S Zhejiang.

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 木质藤本;和白叶瓜馥木近似,,但本种的芽,嫩枝,叶背面,叶柄;花序和果均密被棕黄色绒毛,叶背面黄色;

花期: 冬季至翌春

果期: 春季

生境: 见于鸡笼山山谷林中

用途: 根,茎入药,治风湿跌打,坐骨神经痛;茎皮纤维可代麻及造纸;花可提取瓜馥木花油或浸膏,为香料原料;种子榨油供工业用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 钻山风


 

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