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Dinghushan | Family List | Lauraceae | Litsea

Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers.

木姜子

Description from Flora of China

Deciduous shrubs or small trees, 8-10 m tall. Branchlets glabrous or sericeous-pubescent. Leaves alternate; petiole 6-20 mm, glabrous; leaf blade lanceolate, oblong, or elliptic, 4-11 × 1.1-2.4 cm, glabrous on both surfaces or sericeous-pubescent abaxially, glaucous and sericeous-pubescent when young abaxially, lateral veins 6-16 pairs, base cuneate, apex acuminate or acute. Umbels solitary or clustered, 4-6-flowered, flowering before leaves or with leaves; peduncle 2-10 mm, reflexed or straight, glabrous or sericeous-pubescent. Male flowers: perianth segments 6, broadly ovate; fertile stamens 9; filaments hairy below middle, of 3rd whorls each with 2 shortly stipitate glands at base; rudimentary pistil glabrous. Fruit subglobose, ca. 5 mm in diam., black at maturity; fruiting pedicel 2-4 mm. Fl. Feb-Mar, fr. Jul-Aug.

Sunny slopes, thickets, sparse forests, roadsides, watersides; 300-3200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [S and SE Asia].

生活型: 乔木, 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 落叶灌木或小乔木;花黄白色,于叶前开放或同时开放,果球形,果熟时黑色,含芳香油;

花期: 1--3

果期: 6--9

生境: 生于疏林、灌丛

用途: 根,茎,叶及果均入药,祛风散寒,消肿止痛,温肾健胃,治风湿骨痛,跌打,胃痛,风寒感冒,痈肿蛇伤及血吸虫等症;花果及叶提取山苍子油,为日用品,食品香料和医药工业原料,又可治牛癞;油麸可做肥料;枝叶可做造纸糊料,研粉作蚊香原料,叶又可作农药;木材耐湿不蛀,但易劈裂,可作普通家具用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 山苍子、山鸡椒、豆豉羌


 

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