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Dinghushan | Family List | Hamamelidaceae | Liquidambar

Liquidambar formosana Hance

枫香树

Description from Flora of China

Liquidambar acerifolia Maximowicz; L. formosana var. monticola Rehder & E. H. Wilson; L. maximowiczii Miquel; L. tonkinensis A. Chevalier.

Trees to 30 m tall, trunk sometimes 1 m in diam.; bark gray-brown; branchlets pubescent or glabrous, somewhat lenticellate; buds ovoid, 1 cm, puberulent. Stipules red, nearly free or adnate to petiole, 1–1.4 cm; petiole 8–12 cm, pubescent; leaf blade broadly ovate, palmately 3-lobed and 3-veined, central lobe longer, abaxially usually drying gray-white, pubescent or glabrous, base rounded, margin glandular serrate, apex caudate-acuminate, cordate, subcordate or truncate, veins prominent on both surfaces. Male inflorescence a short spike, several arranged in a raceme. Female inflorescence 24–43-flowered; peduncle 3–6 cm, occasionally lenticellate, eglandular. Male flowers: stamens many, filaments unequal, anthers slightly shorter than filaments. Female flowers: staminode teeth 4–7, needlelike, 4–8 mm; ovary pubescent, styles 6–10 mm, usually coiled backwards. Infructescence globose, 3–4 cm wide. Capsules with persistent staminodes. Seeds many, brown. Fl. Mar–Jun, fr. Jul–Sep.

Sunny places, near villages, montane forests; 500--800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [S Korea, Laos, N Vietnam]. Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [S Korea, Laos, N Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 落叶乔木;树皮及叶作栲胶原料,叶饲养天蚕,解紫云英,大茶药,毒虫中毒

花期: 2

果期: 8

生境: 见于加沙田、大窝田至下塘坳山地林中阳处

用途: 木材供建筑家具用,根,叶,果及树脂入药,树脂能解毒止痛,止血生肌,治外伤出血,内出血,跌打,牙痛等,根祛风止痛,治风湿性关节炎,牙痛,果有通经活络,祛风除湿, 利水,治风湿性关节炎,月经不调,荨麻疹,小便不利等,叶抗菌消炎,行气止痛,治菌痢,腹泻,胃痛及外用治蜂伤,皮肤湿疹等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 枫树、三角枫


 

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Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
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  • Image/JPEG (David Boufford)
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  • Image/JPEG (David Boufford)
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  • Image/JPEG (TIAN Qing)
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