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Dinghushan | Family List | Rosaceae | Armeniaca

Armeniaca mume Sieb.

Description from Flora of China

Trees, rarely shrubs, 4–10 m tall. Bark grayish to tinged with green, smooth. First year branchlets green, smooth, glabrous or densely incanous. Winter buds purplish brown, ovoid, 3–6 mm, glabrous, apex acute. Petiole 1–2 cm, densely incanous or pubescent when young, often with nectaries; leaf blade ovate, ovate-elliptic, elliptic, obovate, or obovate-oblanceolate, 4–8 × 2.5–5 cm, grayish green, both surfaces pubescent when young, gradually glabrescent or only abaxially pubescent in vein axils with age, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin usually acutely serrulate, apex caudate. Flowers solitary or 2 in a fascicle, opening before leaves, 2–2.5 cm in diam., strongly fragrant. Pedicel 1–10 mm, glabrous. Hypanthium usually reddish brown but green to greenish purple for some cultivated varieties, broadly campanulate, 2.5–4 mm, outside glabrous or sometimes pubescent. Sepals ovate to suborbicular, 3–5 mm, apex obtuse. Petals white or pink, obovate, 0.9–1.4 × 0.8–1.2 cm. Stamens shorter to slightly longer than petals. Ovary densely pubescent. Style shorter to slightly longer than stamens. Drupe yellow to greenish white, subglobose, 2–3 cm in diam., pubescent; mesocarp sour, adnate to endocarp; endocarp ellipsoid to subglobose, slightly compressed on both sides, ventral suture somewhat obtuse, distinctly longitudinally furrowed on ventral and dorsal sides, surface pitted, base cuneate, obtuse, or rounded, apex obtuse and abruptly mucronulate. Fl. winter to spring, fr. May–Jun (or Jul–Aug in N China).

In addition to the varieties listed below, there are many cultivated varieties selected for their flowers or fruit.

Forested slopes, sparse forests, stream sides, slopes along trails, mountains, also commonly cultivated; 1700--3100 m. Native in W Sichuan and W Yunnan; cultivated throughout most of China particularly in areas S of the Chang Jiang [Japan, Korea, N Laos, N Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 落叶小乔木;本种因果有大小;花颜色和形状不同,有红梅,白梅,绿萼梅等品种之分

花期: 冬春月

果期: 4

生境: 栽培

用途: 果供生食或浸渍食用;根、花、果入药,根、花能治血解毒,果有收敛止痢、解热镇咳、驱虫之效,盐渍果实外敷治胼胝及创伤;木材供雕刻、算盘珠等用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Flora of China Illustrations vol. 9, fig. 163, 11-12
  • Illustration

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