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Dinghushan | Family List | Rosaceae | Rosa

Rosa chinensis Jacq.


Description from Flora of China

Shrubs erect, 1–2 m tall. Branchlets purple-brown, terete, robust, subglabrous; prickles abundant to absent, curved, stout, flat. Leaves including petiole 5–11 cm; stipules mostly adnate to petiole, free parts auriculate, margin entire, often glandular-pubescent, apex acuminate; rachis and petiole sparsely prickly and glandular-pubescent; leaflets 3–5, rarely 7, greenish abaxially, dark green adaxially, broadly ovate or ovate-oblong, 2.5–6 × 1–3 cm, both surfaces subglabrous, adaxially often shiny, base subrounded or broadly cuneate, margin acutely serrate, apex long acuminate or acuminate. Flowers 4 or 5 and fasciculate, rarely solitary, slightly fragrant or not, 4–5 cm in diam.; pedicel 2.5–6 cm, subglabrous or glandular-pubescent; bracts 1–3, linear, glabrous, margin glandular or entire, apex acute. Hypanthium ovoid-globose or pyriform, glabrous. Sepals 5, deciduous, ovate, sometimes leaflike, abaxially glabrous, adaxially densely villous, margin entire or few pinnately lobed, rarely entire, apex caudate. Petals 5, semi-double or double, red, pink, white, or purple, obovate, base cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles free, exserted, nearly equaling stamens, pubescent. Hip red, ovoid or pyriform, 1–2 cm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Apr–Sep, fr. Jun–Nov. 2n = 21*, 28*.

Native in Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan; also widely cultivated in China [widely cultivated elsewhere].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 有刺灌木;花红色或玫瑰色

花期: 1--3月及8月

生境: 栽培

用途: 庭园绿化花卉;花提取芳香油供制香皂、香水等原料;花、根治慢性 腰腿痛、月经不调等;嫩叶外敷治跌打损伤

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 玫瑰


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Flora of China Illustrations vol. 9, fig. 148, 4-7
  • Illustration
    Flora of Pakistan  
  • Illustration (reprinted from Wu Zhengyi et al., 2004)
  • Image/JPEG

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