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Dinghushan | Family List | Rosaceae | Rubus

Rubus parvifolius L.

茅莓

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs 1–2 m tall, with arching branches. Branchlets grayish brown or reddish brown to blackish brown, with soft hairs and sparse, curved prickles. Leaves imparipinnate, 3–5-foliolate; petiole 2.5–5 cm, terminal leaflet 1–2 cm, petiolulate, lateral leaflets subsessile, with soft hairs and sparse, minute prickles; stipules linear, 7–10 mm, soft hairy; blade of leaflets rhombic-orbicular or obovate, 2.5–6 × 2–6 cm, abaxially densely gray tomentose, adaxially appressed-pilose, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin unevenly coarsely serrate or coarsely incised-doubly serrate, often lobed, apex obtuse or acute. Inflorescences terminal, corymbose, rarely short racemes, 4–8 cm, several to many flowered, axillary inflorescences corymbose; rachis and pedicels pubescent, with minute prickles; bracts linear, 6–10 mm, pubescent. Pedicel 0.5–1.5 cm. Flowers ca. 1 cm in diam. Calyx abaxially densely pubescent, with unequal long needle-like prickles; sepals erect, spreading, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, 5–8 × 2–4 mm, apex acuminate, occasionally laciniate. Petals pink to purplish red, ovate-orbicular or oblong, 4–6 × 3–4 mm, base clawed. Stamens numerous, somewhat shorter than petals; filaments white, linear. Pistils slightly longer than or ca. as long as stamens; ovary pubescent. Aggregate fruit red, ovoid-globose, 1–1.5 cm in diam., glabrous or somewhat pubescent; pyrenes shallowly rugose. Fl May–Jun, fr. Jul–Aug. 2n = 14*, 21*, 28*.

The fruit are eaten raw and are also used for making jam, jelly, juice, syrup, candy, wine, and vinegar. The dried fruit are used in traditional Chinese medicine. The young plants are used as a substitute for tea, and the stems and roots are a source of tannin.

Forests, thickets, clearings, slopes, sunny valleys, roadsides, waste places; 400--2700 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 攀援、灌木状草本;花紫红色

花期: 4

生境: 生于山坡、路旁草丛中

用途: 果可食,熬糖和酿酒;全株入药,清热解毒,活血消肿、祛风收敛、壮筋骨,治月经不调、痢疾、风湿痛、感冒、跌打损伤、痔疮、恶疮、风火痛、蛇伤及花磨粉可去雀斑等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 三月泡、蛇泡勒


 

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